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Disaster Management

A disaster refers to a catastrophe, mishap, calamity or grave occurrence from natural or man-made causes, which is beyond the coping capacity of the affected community. DM involves a continuous and integrated process of planning, organising, coordinating and implementing measures which are necessary or expedient for:
•Prevention of danger or threat of any disaster.
•Mitigation or reduction of risk of any disaster or its severity or consequences.
•Capacity building including research and knowledge management.
•Preparedness to deal with any disaster.
•Prompt response to any threatening disaster situation or disaster.
•Assessing the severity or magnitude of effects of any disaster.
•Evacuation, rescue and relief.
•Rehabilitation and reconstruction.
A typical DM continuum comprises six elements; the pre-disaster phase includes prevention, mitigation and preparedness, while the post-disaster phase includes response, rehabilitation, reconstruction and recovery.

A legal and institutional framework binds all these elements together Approach
• A holistic and integrated approach will be evolved toward disaster management with emphasis on building strategic partnerships at various levels. The themes underpinning the policy are:
•Community based DM, including last mile integration of the policy, plans and execution.
•Capacity development in all spheres.
•Consolidation of past initiatives and best practices.
•Cooperation with agencies at national and international levels.
• Multi-sectoral synergy.

The objectives of the national policy on disaster management are:
•Promoting a culture of prevention, preparedness and resilience at all levels through knowledge, innovation and education
. •Encouraging mitigation measures based on technology, traditional wisdom and environmental sustainability.
•Mainstreaming disaster management into the developmental planning process.
•Establishing institutional and techno-legal frame works to create an enabling regulatory environment and a compliance regime.
•Ensuring efficient mechanism for identification, assessment and monitoring of disaster risks.
•Developing contemporary forecasting and early warning systems backed by responsive and failsafe communication with information technology support.
•Promoting a productive partnership with the media to create awareness and contributing towards capacity development.
•Ensuring efficient response and relief with a caring approach towards the needs of the vulnerable sections of the society.
•Undertaking reconstruction as an opportunity to build disaster resilient structures and habitat for ensuring safer living.
•Promoting productive and proactive partnership with media in disaster management.
For More Information: National Policy on Disaster Management 2009