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Establishment of National Disaster Management Authority
With effect from such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette appoint in this behalf, there shall be established for the purposes of this Act, an authority to be known as the National Disaster Management Authority.
The National Authority shall consist of the Chairperson and such number of other members, not exceeding nine, as may be prescribed by the Central Government and, unless the rules otherwise provide, the National Authority shall consist of the following:-
1. The Prime Minister of India, who shall be the Chairperson of the National Authority, ex officio;
2. Other members, not exceeding nine, to be nominated by the Chairperson of the National Authority.
3. The Chairperson of the National Authority may designate one of the members nominated under clause (b) of sub-section (2) to be the Vice-Chairperson of the National Authority.
4. The term of office and conditions of service of members of the National Authority shall be such as may be prescribed.
Meetings of National Authority
• The National Authority shall meet as and when necessary and at such time and place as the Chairperson of the National Authority may think fit.
• The Chairperson of the National Authority shall preside over the meetings of the National Authority.
• If for any reason the Chairperson of the National Authority is unable to attend any meeting of the National Authority, the Vice-Chairperson of the National Authority shall preside over the meeting.
Appointment of officers and other employees of the National Authority.-The Central Government shall provide the National Authority with such officers, consultants and employees, as it considers necessary for carrying out the functions of the National Authority.
Powers and functions of National Authority
1. Subject to the provisions of this Act, the National Authority shall have the responsibility for laying down the policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management for ensuring timely and effective response to disaster.
2. Without prejudice to generality of the provisions contained in sub-section (1), the National Authority may -
• Lay down policies on disaster management;
• Approve the National Plan
• Approve plans prepared by the Ministries or Departments of the Government of India in accordance with the National Plan;
• Lay down guidelines to be followed by the State Authorities in drawing up the State Plan;
• Lay down guidelines to be followed by the different Ministries or Departments of the Government of India for the purpose of integrating the measures for prevention of disaster or the mitigation of its effects in their development plans and projects;
• Coordinate the enforcement and implementation of the policy and plan for disaster management;
• Recommend provision of funds for the purpose of mitigation;
• Provide such support to other countries affected by major disasters as may be determined by the Central Government;
• Take such other measures for the prevention of disaster, or the mitigation, or preparedness and capacity building for dealing with the threatening disaster situation or disaster as it may consider necessary;
• Lay down broad policies and guidelines for the functioning of the National Institute of Disaster Management.
The Chairperson of the National Authority shall, in the case of emergency, have power to exercise all or any of the powers of the National Authority but exercise of such powers shall be subject to ex post facto ratification by the National Authority.