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Today Tnpsc Group1 mains challenge-POCSO Act,2012
The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act
Offences under the Act:
The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 was enacted to provide a robust legal framework for the protection of children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography, while safeguarding the interest of the child at every stage of the judicial process. The framing of the Act seeks to put children first by making it easy to use by including mechanisms for child-friendly reporting, recording of evidence, investigation and speedy trial of offences through designated Special Courts.
The new Act provides for a variety of offences under which an accused can be punished.
It recognises forms of penetration other than penile-vaginal penetration and criminalises acts of immodesty against children too. Offences under the act include:
• Penetrative Sexual Assault
• Sexual Assault: When a person touches the child, or makes the child touch them or someone else
• Sexual Harassment: passing sexually coloured remark, sexual gesture/noise, repeatedly following, flashing, etc.
• Child Pornography
• Aggravated Penetrative Sexual Assault/ Aggravated Sexual Assault
The act is gender-neutral for both children and for the accused. With respect to pornography, the Act criminalises even watching or collection of pornographic content involving children. The Act makes abettment of child sexual abuse an offence.