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Today Tnpsc Group1 mains challenge-SENIOR CITIZENS WELFARE 2018-19


SENIOR CITIZENS WELFARE

In India the population of elderly is fast growing and constitutes 8.6% of total population as per 2011 census. In Tamil Nadu, it is 10.4% which is higher than the national average and has become a major social challenge to safeguard their well-being. A time has come now to provide economic and health needs of the elderly and to create an environment which is satisfies their emotional needs of the growing elderly population.
The Government of India has enacted the “Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizen Act, 2007” for their care and protection.
Apart from implementing the above said Act, the State Government also implements various schemes for the welfare of Senior Citizens.

The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007

The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007, provides a statutory protection for Senior Citizens as guaranteed and recognized under the Constitution and it is being implemented in this State and the State rules have been framed and notified.

Salient Features of the Act

A senior citizen or a parent who is unable to maintain himself from his own earnings or out of the property owned by him is entitled to make an application under Section 5 of the Act to obtain maintenance amount from his children / legal heirs.
An application filed under this Act for monthly allowance shall be disposed off within 90 days.

•The maximum maintenance allowance shall not exceed `10,000 per month.
•If the persons responsible for the care and protection of senior citizens abandon the senior citizens, such persons shall be punished with imprisonment for three months or fine up to `5,000 or with both.

Grievance Redressal Mechanism

The Government of Tamil Nadu has constituted a Tribunal in each sub-division with the concerned Revenue Divisional Officer as a Presiding Officer for the purpose of adjudicating and deciding upon the order of maintenance as per G.O. (Ms.) No. 172, Social Welfare and Nutritious Meal Programme (SW 6) Dept., dated 31.12.2009. There are 81 Tribunals functioning in the State for speedy disposal of petitions from senior citizens. An Appellate Tribunal chaired by the District Collector has been constituted in each district to hear appeals against the orders of the Tribunal.

The District Social Welfare Officers act as the Maintenance Officers as well as Conciliation Officers. Till 2017-18, out of 2360 petitions received, the Conciliation Officers have resolved 1103 cases, final orders for 302 cases have been issued by Revenue Divisional Officers for maintenance.

State Council and District Committees for Senior Citizens

A High Level Advisory Committee with the Chief Secretary as Chairperson, 15 official members and 7 Non-official members has been constituted in the State, to advise and supervise the effective implementation of the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007. Similarly, District Level Committee with the District Collector as the Chairperson, 3 Official members and 4 Non-official members including 2 Senior Citizens have been constituted in all the Districts.

Integrated Complexes of Special Homes for Senior Citizens and Destitute Children

In order to bring a mutual bonding between the senior citizen and the children who are in need of care and protection, a novel scheme of Integrated Complex was introduced by the Government. Integrated Complexes are run by the State Government through Non Governmental Organizations. In each Integrated complex 25 elders and 25 children can be accommodated.
Now, 2,346 (1,147 elders+1,199 children) beneficiaries are benefitted in 51 Integrated Complexes.

A sum of `670.76 lakh has been sanctioned in the Budget Estimate for 2018-2019 for Integrated Complex.

Old Age Homes run by Non- Governmental Organisations with State Government Grant

Apart from the Integrated Complex, Old age homes are also run by Non-Governmental Organisations with State grant. Feeding Charges for the inmates have been enhanced from `300 per month to `1,200 per month with effect from 01.09.2016 vide G.O.(Ms.) No. 11, SW&NMP (SW6(1)) Dept., Dt:23.02.2017. Now, 674 beneficiaries are benefitted in 20 Old Age Homes.

Centrally Sponsored Welfare Programme - Integrated Programme for Senior Citizen (IPSrC)

The Integrated Programme for Older Persons (IPOP) is revised on 01.04.2018 as Integrated Programme for Senior Citizen (IPSrC) and implemented through Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India. The main objective of the Scheme is to improve the quality of life of the Older Persons by providing basic amenities like shelter, food, medical care and entertainment facilities. The following schemes leads to productive and active ageing for senior citizens:-

1. Maintenance of Senior Citizens' Homes
2. Maintenance of Continuous Care Homes and Homes for senior citizens afflicted with Alzheimer's disease/ Dementia
3. Maintenance of Mobile Medicare Units
4. Physiotherapy Clinics for Senior Citizens
5. Maintenance of Regional Resource and Training Centres.

Under IPOP, 49 Old Age Homes and 21 other programmes were recommended for a sum of `606.69 lakh for the year 2017-2018.

Celebration of International Day of Senior Citizens

The International Day of Senior Citizens is celebrated on 1st October of every year at State and District level, to recognize the services of senior citizens and to make optimum use of their resourcefulness.

The best Non-Governmental Organization and Social Workers who have worked for the cause of the elder persons are honoured during the celebration. Health camps are conducted and aids and appliances are also distributed to needy senior citizens as part of the celebration.

World Elders Abuse Awareness Day

Our elders face abuse and violence in their day to day life both in public and private spheres. This also includes abuse from their immediate kith and kin. It is our endeavor to create awareness and protect their self respect. To fulfill the needs of senior citizens for leading a safe and dignified life the Government has decided to observe June 15th as “World Elders Abuse Awareness Day” in all Schools, Colleges and Government Offices. In this regard, a pledge will be taken to mark the occasion.

Vaccination to Elderly Person in Old Age Homes

When people get older their immune system declines and they face an increasing risk of infectious diseases. Prevalence of multiple diseases coupled with poor nutrition paves way for poor quality of life and leads to morbidity. The elderly persons are already given a lot of medicines for their chronic diseases such as Diabetics, Blood Pressure , etc. and some of the elders may also be taking medicines for cancer, heart problems and other serious ailments. The elderly need immunization for protection against serious infectious diseases just as children do.

Pneumococcal disease is the leading cause of deaths from vaccine preventable diseases. To prevent this, it is proposed to administer vaccine PREVNAR 13 after necessary health checkup by the Health and Family Welfare Department to the elders who are given care and protection in the Old Age Homes and Integrated Complexes functioning in the State with Government grants. This initiative is first of its kind in India.

The Vaccine will be procured through Tamil Nadu Medical Services Corporation Limited and will be administered to the Senior Citizens through Medical Officers / Government Doctors working in nearby Primary Health Centre, Taluk Head Quarters Hospitals and District Head Quarters hospital in the State through Health Department. Training for Medical/NGO Team before administering the vaccine will be given through Health and Family Welfare Department.

4,133 Elders will be benefited under this vaccination programme.
A sum of `165.32 lakh has been sanctioned in the Budget Estimate for the year 2017-2018.