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Today Tnpsc Group1 mains challenge- PURATCHI THALAIVAR M.G.R. NUTRITIOUS MEAL PROGRAMME 2018-19
PURATCHI THALAIVAR M.G.R. NUTRITIOUS
Education lays the foundation for the
development of a society and hunger becomes
an impediment to learning. Keeping this vision,
the Nutritious Meal Programme was introduced
by the then Chief Minister Dr.Puratchi Thalaivar
M.G.R. on 01.07.1982. The main objective of the
programme is to emphasize on education along
with nutrition. Under this programme free hot
cooked nutritious meal is being provided to
children in Government Schools, Government
aided Schools, Special Training Centres,
Madarasas, Maktabs supported under Sarva
Shiksha Abiyan and also in Special Schools
functioning under National Child Labour
Objectives of the Programme
1. To maximize enrolment and reduce
school dropout rates with a view to
universalize elementary education.
2. To provide nutrition to the under fed
and under nourished children.
3. To encourage children from
disadvantaged background to attend
school regularly and to help them in
attaining formal education.
4. To empower women by providing
Milestones of Nutritious Meal
The Nutritious Meal Programme was
introduced on 01.07.1982 for the Children in the
age groups of 2 to 5 years and 5 to 9 years in
primary schools. The scheme was extended to
urban areas with effect from 15.09.1982 and
further extended to all the children in the age
group of 10-15 years from 15.09.1984.
Salient Features of the Scheme
i. Primary School children in the age group
of 5-9 years and Upper Primary School
children in the age group of 10-15 years
are provided with hot cooked nutritious
variety meals in the school for five days
in a week for a total of 210 days in a
ii. The children enrolled under National
Child Labour Project Special Schools in
16 Districts viz., Kancheepuram, Vellore,
Tiruvannamalai, Namakkal, Dharmapuri,
Krishnagiri, Salem, Coimbatore, Erode,
Tiruppur, Thiruchirappalli, Dindigul,
Virudhunagar, Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi
and Chennai are also provided with hot
cooked nutritious variety meals for
312 days in a year.
iii. Food grains (rice) @ 100 gm per child
per school day for primary school
children (1st Std. to 5th Std.) and
@ 150 gm for upper primary and high
school (6th Std. to 10th Std.) is provided.
Components of Nutritious Meal
Variety Meals in the menu was introduced
as pilot basis in one block of all districts in the
year 2013 and extended to all districts from
15.8.2014. Training on hygiene and cooking
methods has been imparted to the noon meal
Provision of Eggs
The State provides eggs with minimum
weight of 46 gms along with hot cooked
nutritious variety meals is provided to the
enrolled children on all school working days
which provides 6.12 gms of protein and 80 kcal
Procurement of eggs with Agmark
specification of ‘A’ for medium grade eggs is
done through State level tender by following the
provisions of the Tamil Nadu Transparency in
Tenders Act,1998 and Rules,2000. Stamping of
eggs with food graded colours has been
introduced to strengthen the monitoring
Pulses – Bengal Gram / Green Gram
On the first and third Tuesdays of every
month 20 gms of ‘Black Bengal Gram’ is
provided to each child in the form of ‘Pulav’
which provides 72 kcal of energy and 3.42 gms
On the second and fourth Thursday of every
month 20 gms of ‘Green Gram’ is provided as
‘sundal’ to each child which provides 67 kcal of
energy and 4.80 gms of protein.
Every Friday children are provided with
20 gms of chilly fried potato to increase the
carbohydrate content, which has 19.04 kcal of
energy and 0.32 gms of protein.
Bananas are provided to the children who
do not eat egg. 100 gms of Banana provides
116 kcal of energy and 1.2 gms of protein.
12,946 children are benefited.
Double Fortified Salt and Cooking Oil
Palmolein and Double Fortified Salt are
supplied by Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies
Corporation which are used in the preparation of
nutritious meal. Palmolein is fortified with
Vitamin A & Vitamin D which helps in prevention
of Vitamin A & D deficiencies. Double Fortified
Salt is fortified with Iodine and Iron which
prevents Goiter and Anaemia.
National Programme of Mid Day Meal
•The Government of India initiated the
National Programme of Nutritional Support
to Primary Education (NP-NSPE) on
15th August 1995 as a Centrally Sponsored
Scheme. During 1997-1998, the scheme
was universalized across all blocks of the
country covering children from
1st standard to 5th standard. During
October 2007, the scheme was extended
to upper primary classes of 6th standard to
8th standard and the name was changed
from ‘National Programme for Nutritional Support to Primary Education’ to ‘National
Programme of Mid Day Meal in Schools’.
•The Government of India provides fund for
implementing the scheme with 60:40
sharing pattern between the Centre and
State Governments. However, the cost of
food grains, its transportation and
Monitoring, Management and Evaluation
(MME) component is fully borne by
Government of India.
•Government of India has fixed the
nutritional norm for primary children as
450 kcal and 12 gms of protein and for
upper primary as 700 kcal and 20 gms of
protein. Considering the best interest of
the children the State Government
provides 553.30 kcal and 18.12 gms of
protein for primary children and 733.86
kcal and 21.64 gms of protein for upper
•Government of India provides rice at the
rate of `3,000 per MT to children from
1st standard to 8th standard. In addition,
a sum of `750 per Metric tonne is provided
as transportation cost.
Government of India provides cooking cost
(excluding the labour and administrative
charges) @ `4.13 for primary and
`6.18 for upper primary children.
However, the State Government provides
more than the mandatory share of 40% so
as to provide nutritious food to children.
FOOD GRAINS MANAGEMENT
•Food commodities like Rice, Dhal, Oil,
Black Bengal Gram and Green Gram
which are required for the Nutritious Meal
Programme are supplied by The Tamil
Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation.
•Based on the indent placed by the District
Officials TNCSC lifts the rice allocated by
the Government of India from the Food
Corporation of India and supply directly
to the Noon Meal Centres.
The programme has been extended to 9th
& 10th standard children and the entire
expenditure is met out of State funds.
The rice is supplied by the TNCSC at the
rate of `10,438 per MT.
•Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation
procures Double Fortified Salt from the
Tamil Nadu Salt Corporation and
distributes to the Noon Meal Centres.
Thus, the network with TNCSC ensures
constant supply of food items directly to
the Noon Meal Centres without any
•Vegetables and condiments are
purchased by the Noon Meal Organisers
using the funds credited as advance grant
into their bank account through Electronic
Clearance Service (ECS). An amount of
`1.17 per primary school child and
`1.27 per Upper Primary school child is
provided to the Noon Meal Organisers for
Construction of Kitchen-cum-Stores
The cost of construction of kitchen-cumstores
is determined on the basis of plinth area
norms and State schedule of rates prevalent in
the State. Now, 20 sq.mt plinth area is
admissible for schools having upto 100 children
and additional 4 sq.mt plinth area for every
additional 100 children can be added. The
expenditure arrived out of the schedule of rates
are shared in the ratio of 60:40 between the
Centre and State.
From the year 2011 upto 31.3.2018, 20,680
new Kitchen-cum-Stores have been constructed.
Modernisation of Noon Meal Centres
In order to create ‘smoke free atmosphere’
in the Noon Meal Centres, Modernisation of Noon
Meal Centres have been taken up and LPG
connection is provided to the centres exclusively
out of State Funds. A sum of `22,350 is provided
per centre, which is inclusive of the cost of
construction of cooking platform, procurement of
gas stove and gas connection (including non
returnable valve, safety measures etc.).
The work has been completed in 35,713 centres.
All Noon Meal Employees have been provided
training by the respective gas agencies in
handling the gas stoves.
Government have sanctioned a sum of
`480.75 lakh towards the procurement of 19,230
Pressure cookers @ `2,500 per piece in order to
facilitate the cooking process easily and the
same has been procured and distributed to the
Noon Meal Centres are provided with
necessary kitchen devices like Aluminium
Dabara with lid, Stainless steel karandi, Indolium
kadai etc., to facilitate cooking at a cost of
`5,000 per Noon Meal Centre. A sum of
`6.00 crore was sanctioned for 12,000 centres
during the year 2017-2018.
In order to ensure the exact measurement
of the daily ration used for cooking noon meal,
electronic weighing scales will be supplied to the
noon meal centres. A sum of `1.86 crore has
been sanctioned to procure 43,200 electronic
Impact of the Programme
The implementation of the programme has
brought a positive change on enrolment,
retention and attendance of students in schools.
It also enables education of girl children and
improves the nutritional status of the children.