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Today Tnpsc Group1 mains challenge- PURATCHI THALAIVAR M.G.R. NUTRITIOUS MEAL PROGRAMME 2018-19


PURATCHI THALAIVAR M.G.R. NUTRITIOUS MEAL PROGRAMME

Education lays the foundation for the development of a society and hunger becomes an impediment to learning. Keeping this vision, the Nutritious Meal Programme was introduced by the then Chief Minister Dr.Puratchi Thalaivar M.G.R. on 01.07.1982. The main objective of the programme is to emphasize on education along with nutrition. Under this programme free hot cooked nutritious meal is being provided to children in Government Schools, Government aided Schools, Special Training Centres, Madarasas, Maktabs supported under Sarva Shiksha Abiyan and also in Special Schools functioning under National Child Labour Programme.

Objectives of the Programme

1. To maximize enrolment and reduce school dropout rates with a view to universalize elementary education.
2. To provide nutrition to the under fed and under nourished children.
3. To encourage children from disadvantaged background to attend school regularly and to help them in attaining formal education.
4. To empower women by providing employment opportunities.

Milestones of Nutritious Meal Programme

The Nutritious Meal Programme was introduced on 01.07.1982 for the Children in the age groups of 2 to 5 years and 5 to 9 years in primary schools. The scheme was extended to urban areas with effect from 15.09.1982 and further extended to all the children in the age group of 10-15 years from 15.09.1984.

Salient Features of the Scheme

i. Primary School children in the age group of 5-9 years and Upper Primary School children in the age group of 10-15 years are provided with hot cooked nutritious variety meals in the school for five days in a week for a total of 210 days in a year.

ii. The children enrolled under National Child Labour Project Special Schools in 16 Districts viz., Kancheepuram, Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Namakkal, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Salem, Coimbatore, Erode, Tiruppur, Thiruchirappalli, Dindigul, Virudhunagar, Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi and Chennai are also provided with hot cooked nutritious variety meals for 312 days in a year.

iii. Food grains (rice) @ 100 gm per child per school day for primary school children (1st Std. to 5th Std.) and @ 150 gm for upper primary and high school (6th Std. to 10th Std.) is provided.

Components of Nutritious Meal Programme

Variety Meals

Variety Meals in the menu was introduced as pilot basis in one block of all districts in the year 2013 and extended to all districts from 15.8.2014. Training on hygiene and cooking methods has been imparted to the noon meal employees.

Provision of Eggs

The State provides eggs with minimum weight of 46 gms along with hot cooked nutritious variety meals is provided to the enrolled children on all school working days which provides 6.12 gms of protein and 80 kcal of energy.

Procurement of eggs with Agmark specification of ‘A’ for medium grade eggs is done through State level tender by following the provisions of the Tamil Nadu Transparency in Tenders Act,1998 and Rules,2000. Stamping of eggs with food graded colours has been introduced to strengthen the monitoring mechanism.

Pulses – Bengal Gram / Green Gram

On the first and third Tuesdays of every month 20 gms of ‘Black Bengal Gram’ is provided to each child in the form of ‘Pulav’ which provides 72 kcal of energy and 3.42 gms of protein.

On the second and fourth Thursday of every month 20 gms of ‘Green Gram’ is provided as ‘sundal’ to each child which provides 67 kcal of energy and 4.80 gms of protein.

Potato

Every Friday children are provided with 20 gms of chilly fried potato to increase the carbohydrate content, which has 19.04 kcal of energy and 0.32 gms of protein.

Banana

Bananas are provided to the children who do not eat egg. 100 gms of Banana provides 116 kcal of energy and 1.2 gms of protein. 12,946 children are benefited.

Double Fortified Salt and Cooking Oil

Palmolein and Double Fortified Salt are supplied by Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation which are used in the preparation of nutritious meal. Palmolein is fortified with Vitamin A & Vitamin D which helps in prevention of Vitamin A & D deficiencies. Double Fortified Salt is fortified with Iodine and Iron which prevents Goiter and Anaemia.

National Programme of Mid Day Meal

•The Government of India initiated the National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (NP-NSPE) on 15th August 1995 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. During 1997-1998, the scheme was universalized across all blocks of the country covering children from 1st standard to 5th standard. During October 2007, the scheme was extended to upper primary classes of 6th standard to 8th standard and the name was changed from ‘National Programme for Nutritional Support to Primary Education’ to ‘National Programme of Mid Day Meal in Schools’.

•The Government of India provides fund for implementing the scheme with 60:40 sharing pattern between the Centre and State Governments. However, the cost of food grains, its transportation and Monitoring, Management and Evaluation (MME) component is fully borne by Government of India.

•Government of India has fixed the nutritional norm for primary children as 450 kcal and 12 gms of protein and for upper primary as 700 kcal and 20 gms of protein. Considering the best interest of the children the State Government provides 553.30 kcal and 18.12 gms of protein for primary children and 733.86 kcal and 21.64 gms of protein for upper primary children.

•Government of India provides rice at the rate of `3,000 per MT to children from 1st standard to 8th standard. In addition, a sum of `750 per Metric tonne is provided as transportation cost.

Government of India provides cooking cost (excluding the labour and administrative charges) @ `4.13 for primary and `6.18 for upper primary children. However, the State Government provides more than the mandatory share of 40% so as to provide nutritious food to children.

FOOD GRAINS MANAGEMENT

•Food commodities like Rice, Dhal, Oil, Black Bengal Gram and Green Gram which are required for the Nutritious Meal Programme are supplied by The Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation.

•Based on the indent placed by the District Officials TNCSC lifts the rice allocated by the Government of India from the Food Corporation of India and supply directly to the Noon Meal Centres.

The programme has been extended to 9th & 10th standard children and the entire expenditure is met out of State funds. The rice is supplied by the TNCSC at the rate of `10,438 per MT.

•Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation procures Double Fortified Salt from the Tamil Nadu Salt Corporation and distributes to the Noon Meal Centres. Thus, the network with TNCSC ensures constant supply of food items directly to the Noon Meal Centres without any disruption.

•Vegetables and condiments are purchased by the Noon Meal Organisers using the funds credited as advance grant into their bank account through Electronic Clearance Service (ECS). An amount of `1.17 per primary school child and `1.27 per Upper Primary school child is provided to the Noon Meal Organisers for this purpose.

Construction of Kitchen-cum-Stores

The cost of construction of kitchen-cumstores is determined on the basis of plinth area norms and State schedule of rates prevalent in the State. Now, 20 sq.mt plinth area is admissible for schools having upto 100 children and additional 4 sq.mt plinth area for every additional 100 children can be added. The expenditure arrived out of the schedule of rates are shared in the ratio of 60:40 between the Centre and State.

From the year 2011 upto 31.3.2018, 20,680 new Kitchen-cum-Stores have been constructed.

Modernisation of Noon Meal Centres

In order to create ‘smoke free atmosphere’ in the Noon Meal Centres, Modernisation of Noon Meal Centres have been taken up and LPG connection is provided to the centres exclusively out of State Funds. A sum of `22,350 is provided per centre, which is inclusive of the cost of construction of cooking platform, procurement of gas stove and gas connection (including non returnable valve, safety measures etc.). The work has been completed in 35,713 centres. All Noon Meal Employees have been provided training by the respective gas agencies in handling the gas stoves.

Kitchen Devices

Government have sanctioned a sum of `480.75 lakh towards the procurement of 19,230 Pressure cookers @ `2,500 per piece in order to facilitate the cooking process easily and the same has been procured and distributed to the centres.

Noon Meal Centres are provided with necessary kitchen devices like Aluminium Dabara with lid, Stainless steel karandi, Indolium kadai etc., to facilitate cooking at a cost of `5,000 per Noon Meal Centre. A sum of `6.00 crore was sanctioned for 12,000 centres during the year 2017-2018.
In order to ensure the exact measurement of the daily ration used for cooking noon meal, electronic weighing scales will be supplied to the noon meal centres. A sum of `1.86 crore has been sanctioned to procure 43,200 electronic weighing scales.

Impact of the Programme

The implementation of the programme has brought a positive change on enrolment, retention and attendance of students in schools. It also enables education of girl children and improves the nutritional status of the children.